Centuries before the same-sex marriage movement , the U. It's widely known that the Deep South banned interracial marriages until , but less widely known that many other states did the same California until , for example —or that three brazen attempts were made to ban interracial marriages nationally by amending the U. Maryland passes the first British colonial law banning marriage between whites and slaves—a law that, among other things, orders the enslavement of white women who have married black men:. As you might imagine, the white nationalist colonial governments did not leave these questions unanswered for long. The Commonwealth of Virginia bans all interracial marriages, threatening to exile whites who marry people of color. In the 17th century, exile usually functioned as a death sentence:.
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Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group exogamy involving spouses who belong to different races or racialized ethnicities. In the past, such marriages were outlawed in the United States and in South Africa as miscegenation. It became legal throughout the United States in , following the decision of the U. Virginia , which ruled that race-based restrictions on marriages, such as the anti-miscegenation law in the state of Virginia , violated the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution.
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Branham-based churches are scattered across the U. They may not all embrace the racial separation extolled by Reagan, but the Branham theology invites racism, says James Walker, president of The Watchman Fellowship, an Arlington, Texas, evangelical ministry that researches cults and new religious movements. Branham, a U. He preached that original sin stemmed not from Eve biting the fruit and gaining knowledge but, instead, from her sexual intercourse with the serpent, which resulted in the birth of Cain.
Interracial marriage in the United States has been legal in all U. Supreme Court Warren Court decision Loving v. Virginia that deemed "anti-miscegenation" laws unconstitutional. The proportion of interracial marriages as a proportion of all marriages has been increasing since , such that The proportion of interracial marriages is markedly different depending on the ethnicity and gender of the spouses.